Enabling OEMs that export to comply easily and efficiently
10 March 2017
Eaton has published a white paper and an associated UL 508 A control panel design guide, to help OEMs who export comply with new short-circuit protection requirements being implemented by the North American National Electrical Code (NEC) in 2017.
The white paper, entitled “Current-limiting devices: Strengthening the weakest SCCR link”, reviews why short-circuit current ratings (SCCRs) are essential, provides guidance on how to determine the SCCR of different types of electrical equipment, and considers why SCCR should be considered at an early stage. The white paper and guide also advises OEMs on how they can design equipment with enhanced safety and reliability as part of the process; and deliver better support to their end customers as a result.
It is essential for any manufacturer exporting equipment worldwide to be aware of local legislation changes, and to take the necessary steps to conform. Changes to the NEC will enable installers, inspectors and approvers to verify that the installed equipment’s SCCR is equal to or greater than the available fault current and therefore compliant with the other code sections dealing with equipment installations.
The hazards of fire, damage to equipment and personnel safety are of great importance in a manufacturing facility; and can be extremely costly if not dealt with properly. In the event of a short circuit in a control panel, inadequately protected equipment can expose personnel to fire, arc flashes, electrical shock and even explosions. By implementing sufficient SCCR, OEMs will be able to ensure their equipment provides the highest level of protection, enabling their customers to protect their operators as well as minimising downtime. The paper outlines in detail two examples of how the SCCR was increased, including the necessary calculations and the resulting improvement.
OEMs are also continuously under pressure to make efficiencies and cost savings in their businesses, and it is important to plan in advance rather than devising a resolution to inadequate equipment SCCR in the field. There is no guaranteed quick or easy solution to address inadequate SCCR once equipment is installed. Only by planning prior to installation can manufacturers avoid further costs and delays.
Research indicates that more than half of OEMs design to typical minimum equipment SCCRs of 5 kA. The new code requirements however, stipulate that the available fault current must be marked at the location where a variety of equipment is to be installed; including machinery, HVAC, elevator control panels and energy storage equipment. As the stated fault current can greatly exceed 5kA, the equipment becomes the weakest link, requiring additional protection.
“Designing an equipment SCCR plan or implementing an SCCR solution can be difficult, but it doesn’t have to be,” says Phil Williams, Product Manager at Eaton. “By understanding the standards and knowing the best practices, the equipment SCCR can be determined and if necessary, what approved methods are needed to increase those ratings.”
The rules are unclear and difficult to apply for the majority of manufacturers. As an international company, Eaton is in a position to help clarify the rules, and provide consultancy and a range of solutions to help machine builders achieve equipment SCCR code compliance easily and efficiently. These include a complete portfolio of Bussmann series fuses, as well as circuit breakers, motor circuit protectors and combination controllers, and current-limiting overcurrent protective devices.
The whitepaper and guide are available free to download from www.eaton.eu/export.
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