This website uses cookies primarily for visitor analytics. Certain pages will ask you to fill in contact details to receive additional information. On these pages you have the option of having the site log your details for future visits. Indicating you want the site to remember your details will place a cookie on your device. To view our full cookie policy, please click here. You can also view it at any time by going to our Contact Us page.

These dinosaur footprints weren’t made by a predator, AI reveals

18 November 2022

Artificial intelligence has helped Australian researchers to reconsider dinosaur footprints.

It has revealed that prehistoric footprints attributed to a vicious dinosaur predator are actually from a timid herbivore.

University of Queensland palaeontologist Anthony Romilio used AI pattern recognition to re-analyse footprints from the Dinosaur Stampede National Monument, south-west of Winton in Central Queensland.

“Large dinosaur footprints were first discovered back in the 1970s at a track site called the Dinosaur Stampede National Monument, and for many years they were believed to be left by a predatory dinosaur, like Australovenator, with legs nearly 2m long,” says Romilio.

“The mysterious tracks were thought to be left during the mid-Cretaceous Period, around 93 million years ago. But working out what dino species made the footprints exactly – especially from tens of millions of years ago – can be a pretty difficult and confusing business.

“Particularly since these big tracks are surrounded by thousands of tiny dinosaur footprints, leading many to think that this predatory beast could have sparked a stampede of smaller dinosaurs.

“So, to crack the case, we decided to employ an AI program called Deep Convolutional Neural Networks.”

The program was trained with 1,500 dinosaur footprints, all theropod or ornithopod in origin – the groups of dinosaurs relevant to the Dinosaur Stampede National Monument prints.

The results were clear: the tracks are from a herbivorous ornithopod dinosaur.

Jens Lallensack, lead author from Liverpool John Moores University in the UK, says that the computer assistance was vital, as the team was originally at an impasse.

“We were pretty stuck, so thank god for modern technology,” Lallensack says. “In our research team of three, one person was pro-meat-eater, one person was undecided, and one was pro-plant-eater.

“So, to really check our science, we decided to go to five experts for clarification, plus use AI. The AI was the clear winner, outperforming all of the experts by a wide margin, with a margin of error of around 11 percent.

“When we used the AI on the large tracks from the Dinosaur Stampede National Monument, all but one of these tracks was confidently classified as left by an ornithopod dinosaur – our prehistoric ‘predator.'”

The team hopes to continue to add to the fossil dinosaur tracks database and conduct further AI investigations.

Print this page | E-mail this page