VISIbly good results from a simulation exercise
01 October 2009
The VISI suite of computer aided engineering tools got the thumbs-up from DPA readers last month. Here we see how one of its modules – the VISI Flow plastic injection moulding simulation application – is being put to good use on a European eco-friendly automotive project
Located next to Lake Bienne on the French-Swiss border, Domteknika SA is a service company providing technical and strategic assistance to world leaders in the automotive, household appliance, packaging and other design industries.
Formed in 1999 by Jean-Luc Thuliez, the company is actively interested and heavily involved in improving design and production methods to benefit the environment and minimise ecological impact. One such project was an eco-friendly car that not only produced zero emissions but equally important, was also recyclable with minimal environmental impact.
Working on a project commissioned by the Poitou Charente region, Domteknika worked in partnership with DiedreDesign and Induct to create the Redigo-SoftCar. After much interest at the recent Mondial de l'Automobile show, it is hoped the car will soon be in production. Jean-Luc Thuliez takes up the story.
"The Redigo-SoftCar certainly fulfils the criteria of the eco-concept vehicle originally presented to us. The concept of zero emission vehicles is an important topic and one that is high on the agenda for many automotive companies. However, for this project, tailpipe pollution was not the only ecological constraint taken into account.
“The objective of the project was to produce a car where the benefit to the environment was split between the reduction in carbon emissions and the eventual recycling of the vehicle.
“Other fundamentals of the project included the classic research for manufacturers to reduce costs, and the increasing demands of emerging markets to launch very low-cost vehicles. However, the batteries for fuel-cell vehicles are still very expensive and will represent a significant part of the cost for some years to come."
Domteknika’s design intent was to reduce dramatically the number of materials used in the construction of the Redigo-SoftCar, and the area where reduction could be maximised was in the number of thermoplastic polymers used in its construction.
A simple examination of the dashboard of a typical vehicle highlights the number of different polymers used during production. The dismantling of individual pieces and the sorting of materials for recycling can be a long and expensive process. Domteknika reasoned that it simply didn’t make sense to produce a zero emission car if the manufacturing and recycling costs were going to be too high, diluting the environmental benefits. Jean-Luc Thuliez again:
"No study has been pushed so far in a vehicle design based on such a criteria. However, to reach the goal, it was necessary for us to guarantee that the design of components and their production were also fully optimised. We not only had to analyse the geometry but also the simulation of the plastic injection process".
The procedure of correctly predicting component or moulding failures is vital, especially for passenger safety. Head impact is a major issue for the automotive industry and an example of how model analysis can be so valuable is in the area of airbag deployment. Industry requirements ensure that no weld lines can be present on the plastic moulding within 50mm of airbag deployment because these indicate weak stress points that may fail under crash testing - the result would be plastic shards within the passenger space. If this single component fails a crash test, it’s back to the CAD screen for models and a new suite of tooling.
Already equipped with 3D CAD technology, Domteknika made several benchmark tests on software products for plastic injection simulation. After a lot of testing, and following advice from plastics technology expert, Yves Lozach, Domteknika purchased VISI Flow from Vero Software in December 2008. Although relatively new to plastic injection simulation, the assessment of VISI Flow is already positive for Jean-Luc Thuliez.
"We have learnt not only how to use the software, but have also began to understand how moulding parameters and mould and part design influence the failure of injection moulded plastic parts. The software has proved itself to be fast, accurate, and most importantly, very complete. We currently use all VISI Flow options because it is essential for us to ensure that our design choices are compatible with the materials being used within the optimal moulding conditions.
“We often have to test different thermoplastic solutions, so the set-up and calculation times of VISI Flow are a big advantage as they do not add major delays to our development time. After the results of the plastic simulation, we often have to make changes to the CAD models to compensate for moulding issues. VISI Flow allows us to predict potential manufacturing problems with devilish precision allowing the maximum possible time frame for a corrective solution." Etienne Crozier, a development engineer at Domteknika concurs.
"In plastics processing industry, we are often in the habit of trying to put ourselves into the material to better understand what takes place during moulding and how the material reacts under pressure. With the help of VISI Flow, we can now give a clear and ultra-precise analysis to the mould maker. We can even guarantee the results with the selected polymer."
VISI Flow is being used to maximum capacity by the team at Domteknika - from filling simulation, through warpage, weld line and air trap detection and ultimately to determine the optimal gating position. And Jean-Luc Thuliez is very happy with the outcome. "With the help of VISI Flow, we are working three times faster than our competitors - and with a major technical advantage."
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